photo: Waldemar Kielichowski © Institute of Music and Dance, Warsaw

Local name: kołatka
Classification: 1 Idiophones / 11 Struck idiophones / 111 Idiophones struck directly / 111.1 Concussion idiophones or clappers / 111.12 Concussion plaques or plaque clappers
Date: 20th c.
Owner: The State Ethnographic Museum in Warsaw
Inventory number: PME 53537
Description: from the collection of Wincenty P. Śliwiński
Materials: wood, leather, metal
Performance practice: formerly used to make ritual noise during the folk Koledari ceremonies, instead of church bells during the Holy Week, to frighten away animals during hunting, and to signal vigilance by night watchmen (in towns), nowadays also a toy
Catalog card by: Zbigniew J. Przerembski

clapper; Marek Ostrowski (Brańsk); rec. Jacek Jackowski, Ciechanowiec 2012; ISPAN

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