pipe without fingerholes

photo: Waldemar Kielichowski © Institute of Music and Dance, Warsaw

Rafał Bałaś, The Golec Brothers Foundation; rec. Maciej Stasiński, Żywiec 2017
Local name: piscoła, piscoła postna, piscoła wielkopostna, piscoła pasterska, piscołka, piscàłka, fujara, fujarka, fulyra
Classification: 4 Aerophones / 42 Wind instruments proper / 421 Edge instruments or flutes / 421.2 Flutes with duct or duct flutes / 421.22 Flutes with internal duct / 421.221 (Single) flutes with internal duct / 421.221.1 Open flutes with internal duct / 421.221.11 Open flutes with internal duct without fingerholes
Maker: Gluza Antoni
Date: 2nd half of the 20th c.
Village / Town: Szczyrk
Region: the Carpathian region (Beskid Żywiecki)
Country: Poland
Owner: The Municipal Museum of Żywiec – The Old Castle, Department of Ethnography
Inventory number: MŻ-E/2682
Description: body made from a straight, barked tree branch
Measurements: 460 x 90-110 mm
Materials: wood
Sound compass, tuning: the player may produce individual sounds of a harmonic series (aliquots) by increasing or reducing the force with which he blows air into the duct and by opening or closing the flute's end with a finger; tuning depends on the pipe's length
Performance practice: during the Lent playing musical instruments was not allowed (especially those used to accompany dance), except for pipes without fingerholes; on Good Friday, when church bells went silent, young boys would run around the village playing pipes made of hawthorn (a reference to Christ's crown of thorns); the pipes were traditionally made and played by shepherds
Catalog card by: Lucjan Grajny / Zbigniew Jerzy Przerembski

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